India has 15 Agroclimatic zones and 17000-18000 species of flowering plants of which 6000-7000 are estimated to have medicinal usage in folk and documented systems of medicine, like Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and Homoeopathy. About 960 species of medicinal plants are estimated to be in trade of which 178 species have annual consumption levels in excess of 100 metric tones. The National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB) set-up in November 2000 by the Government of India has the primary mandate of coordinating all matters relating to medicinal plants and support policies and programmes for growth of trade, export, conservation and cultivation. The Board is located in the Department of Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha & Homeopathy (AYUSH) of the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare.
The NMPB Portal is an attempt to collect under one umbrella the entire knowledge base on plants and herbs after appropriate verification and empirical validation of all available therapeutic knowledge of the flora in India . This is being done by the collaborative efforts of some pf the leading Indian Institutions and private and public stake holders. NMPB has over several open houses events studies and meeting with diverse groups of persons and organisations has been able to create this repository which is an ongoing exercise adding new information both scientific, and commercial.
In addition, integration and reorientation of some existing databases to bring them under the umbrella of the common portal for easy one point access to this repository of knowledge. This Portal envisages the dissemination of knowledge in creating sustainable cultivation, collection, packaging and distribution methods to ensure that active ingredients are retained at their optimum yields. At the same time ensuring that communities involved in the cultivation, procurement and Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) get their true value in return.
For more information on NMPB, please visit http://www.nmpb.nic.in/.